Soybean Oil Dec '22 (ZLZ22)
|Tick Size||0.01 points ($6.00 per contract)|
|Daily Limit||5 cents per pound ($3,000 per contract) Expanded limit 7.5 cents|
|Contract Size||60,000 pounds|
|Months||Jan, Mar, May, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Dec (F, H, K, N, Q, U, V, Z)|
|Trading Hours||7:00p.m. - 7:45a.m. and 8:30a.m. - 1:20p.m. (Settles 1:15p.m.) (Sun-Fri) CST|
|Value of One Futures Unit||$600|
|Value of One Options Unit||$600|
|Last Trading Day||The business day prior to the 15th calendar day of the contract month|
Soybean meal is produced through processing and separating soybeans into oil and meal components. If the soybeans are of particularly good quality, then the processor can get more meal weight by including more hulls in the meal while still meeting a 48% protein minimum. Soybean meal can be further processed into soy flour and isolated soy protein, but the bulk of soybean meal is used as animal feed for poultry, hogs, and cattle. Soybean meal accounts for about two-thirds of the world's high-protein animal feed, followed by cottonseed and rapeseed meal, which together account for less than 20%. Soybean meal consumption has been moving to record highs in recent years. The soybean meal marketing year begins in October and ends in September. Soybean meal futures and options are traded at the CME Group. The CME soybean meal futures contract calls for the delivery of 100 tons of soybean meal produced by conditioning ground soybeans and reducing the oil content of the conditioned product and having a minimum of 48.0% protein, minimum of 0.5% fat, maximum of 3.5% fiber, and maximum of 12.0% moisture.
Soybean crush - The term soybean "crush" refers to both to the physical processing of soybeans and to the dollar-value premium received for processing soybeans into their component products of meal and oil. The conventional model says that processing 60 pounds (one bushel) of soybeans produces 11 pounds of soybean oil, 44 pounds of 48% protein soybean meal, 3 pounds of hulls, and 1 pound of waste. The Gross Processing Margin (GPM) or crush equals (0.22 times Soybean Meal Prices in dollars per ton) + (11 times Soybean Oil prices in cents/pound) - Soybean prices in $/bushel. A higher crush value will occur when the price of the meal and oil products are strong relative to soybeans, e.g., because of supply disruptions or because of an increase in demand for the products. When the crush value is high, companies will have a strong incentive to buy raw soybeans and boost the output of the products. That supply increase should eventually bring the crush value back into line with the long-term equilibrium.
Prices - CME soybean meal futures prices (Barchart.com electronic symbol ZM) opened the year 2021 at about $434.4 per short ton, rallied to a 7-1/2 year high of about $474.1 in January, and then ratcheted lower the rest of the year to close the year down -5.2% yr/yr at about $411.6 per short ton.
Supply - World soybean meal production in 2021/22 is expected to rise +3.1% yr/yr to a new record high of 255.929 million metric tons. The world's largest soybean meal producers are expected to be China with 30.0% of world production in 2020/21, the U.S. with 18.3%, Brazil with 14.3%, and Argentina with 12.6%.
U.S. production of soybean meal in 2021/22 is expected to rise +1.2% yr/yr to 52.300 million short tons, a new record high. U.S. soybean meal ending stocks in 2021/22 are expected to rise +17.3% yr/yr to 400,000 short tons.
Demand - World consumption of soybean meal in 2021/22 is expected to rise +2.7% yr/yr to 251.234 million metric tons, a new record high. China is expected to account for 30.2% of that consumption, the U.S. for 13.7%, and the European Union for 11.4%. U.S. consumption of soybean meal in 2021/22 is expected to rise +0.8% yr/yr to 34.381 million metric tons, just below the record high of 34.443 from 2019/20.
Trade - World exports of soybean meal in 2021/22 are expected to rise +1.9% yr/yr to a new record high 69.942 million metric tons. Argentina is expected to account for 41.2% of total world exports, Brazil for 24.3%, and the U.S. for 18.2%. World imports of soybean meal in 2021/22 are expected to rise +2.3% yr/yr to 65.046 million metric tons, a record high. U.S. exports of soybean meal in 2021/22 are expected to rise +1.7% yr/yr to 14.000 million short tons. U.S. imports of soybean meal in 2021/22 are expected to fall -42.5% yr/yr to 450,000 short tons.
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