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Soybean Price Indexes

Thu, Oct 22nd, 2020

soybean Price Indexes by State

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cmdty Soybean Price Index Family

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The cmdty Soybean Price Index family is a series of volume weighted indexes and price assessments that represent fair value pricing for physical Soybeans across the United States. The indexes are calculated on a continuous basis and use a sophisticated – but transparent - weighting process to ensure prices are objective and reflective of underlying market economics.

Calculated at the County, Crop Reporting District, State, Regional, and National level – from prices contributed by over 4,000 grain buying locations – there are over 700 different front-month indexes. With forward curves going out twelve months for each index area there are over 8,000 objective prices for Soybeans calculated each day. Historical information is available through to the start of 2014.

Major growing zones are divided among the following regions:

  • Eastern – Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin
  • Western – Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, N. Dakota, S. Dakota
  • Delta – Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee

The indexes are powered by best-in-class grain prices from the cmdty by Barchart product line. Additional prices, including basis values and forward curve information, are available exclusively to subscribers of cmdtyView® - the leading platform for commodity trading – or other data products available through cmdty.

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cmdty Soybean Price Indexes

cmdty Insider - Soybean Futures Market News and Commentary

The soy complex was stronger on Wednesday for beans and meal, but weaker for oil. Beans were 5 1/2 cents to 8 cents higher at the close. Midweek meal prices were $5.00 to $6.90/ton higher. Bean oil faded and was 11 to 26 points lower at the close. Traders expect between 1.5 and 2.5 MMT of soybeans were sold in the week ending 10/15. For soymeal, traders anticipate between 100k and 350k MT sold. BO export sales are estimated to be less than 30,000 MT in tomorrow’s update. Brazil’s CONAB reported that the U.S. is the only non-Mercosur nation capable of exporting soybeans to Brazil at competitive prices. CONAB also maintained their record large 2020/21 bean production estimates, citing minimal to negligible effects of late planting.

Nov 20 Soybeans closed at $10.72, up 8 cents,

Jan 21 Soybeans closed at $10.71 1/2, up 7 3/4 cents,

Mar 21 Soybeans closed at $10.58 3/4, up 5 3/4 cents,

May 21 Soybeans closed at $10.55, up 6 1/4 cents,... Read more

Soybean Basis: The Spirit of the Season

Halloween is just around the corner, and the soybean basis market seems to be getting into the spirit of the season. Monday afternoon saw the cmdty National Soybean Basis Index (NSBI, weighted national average) calculated at 54.8 cents under November futures, firming from last Friday’s calculation of 55.0 cents under. This doesn’t seem like much, maybe nothing more than a function of rounding or “an undigested bit of beef, a blot of mustard, or a crumb of cheese, a fragment of an underdone potato” as Ebenezer Scrooge might say to Marley’s ghost. But in the grand scheme of things the resilience of soybean basis is impressive when we consider what it has absorbed to this point. Another piece of data released Monday afternoon was NASS’ latest guess of US soybean harvest to be 75% complete as of Sunday, October 18. With no carry in the soybean futures market’s forward curve, and the cmdty National Soybean Price Index (NSPI, weighted national average cash price) in the upper 5% of its price distribution range (based on last Friday’s calculation of $9.95), much of what has been harvested in the US this harvest has likely been sold. This wave of cash supplies into the pipeline would be expected to weaken the basis market, but it hasn’t. Yes, last week saw the NSBI start to show signs it was headed toward the tomb, but like the undead celebrated during this season, it has climbed from its grave. And if demand continues holds firm through late February, at least, the NSBI could turn into quite a monster. Darin Newsom President Darin Newsom Analysis Inc.
Cash SRW Wheat: Rarified Air

The move by the cmdty National Soft Red Winter (SRW) Wheat Index (SRPI, weighted national average cash price) extended its impressive run last week, hitting a high of $6.02 before finishing Friday at $5.97. The peak was the highest mark posted by the SRPI since registering $6.03 the week of December 29, 2014, while the close was the highest since the previous week of 2014 was calculated at $5.99. Given that, it’s safe to say the SRPI has climbed into rarified air, a far cry from where it was less than 4 months ago. Recall, if you can, this past summer when the SRPI hit a low of $4.55 on June 26 before finishing that day at $4.61. While there have been a number of moving parts in cash wheat over the summer and fall, the most interesting aspect to me is watching how my theory of price distribution has played out. The idea is as old as commodity trade itself, given the age-old search for the upper-third and lower-third of markets. My studies are based on weekly closes over a set period of time, with the latter being back through the 2014-2015 marketing year for the SRPI. This past June, when it closed at $4.61, the SRPI was in the lower 44% of its distribution range. While not extraordinarily low, it was enough to trigger strong buying of cash SRW wheat, with last Friday’s close putting the SRPI in the upper 1% of its range, with only 3 weekly closes higher since June 2014. It would not be surprising to see this test of $6.00 uncover increased selling interest. Darin Newsom President Darin Newsom Analysis Inc.
Soybean Basis: Interesting Times

With Fall 2020 at its midway point as of noon this past Friday, things are getting more interesting when it comes to soybeans basis. I’m hearing from elevators across the US Plains and Midwest that space is getting tight, with room only for contracted bushels, producers busy selling across the scales, and basis weakening. One producer reported to me that his local bid fell from about 50 cents under to 70 cents under the last couple weeks, a similar story to others I’m sure. Meanwhile, the cmdty National Soybean Basis Index (NSBI, weighted national average) was calculated at 55 cents under November futures this past Friday, down only fractionally from the previous week’s final calculation of 54.9 cents under and still sitting at its strongest level from the previous 5-years. In other words, reports from local elevators don’t seem to jibe with what the NSBI is showing us. This raises the issue that the index could be skewed by river and port markets as US exports remain on fire this fall. The latest weekly export sales and shipment update, through Thursday, October 8, showed total shipments of 331.4 mb and outstanding sales of 1.257 bb, putting total sales at a whopping 1.588 bb still early in the 2020 marketing year. However, if the expected rain has fallen over Brazil this weekend and the world’s largest buyer (China) grows more comfortable with potential production from its primary supplier (Brazil), the NSBI could soon reflect the pressure I’ve been hearing so much about recently. Things are indeed getting interesting. Darin Newsom President Darin Newsom Analysis Inc.

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